Cush

Cush
   Black.
   1) A son, probably the eldest, of Ham, and the father of Nimrod (Gen. 10:8; 1 Chr. 1:10). From him the land of Cush seems to have derived its name. The question of the precise locality of the land of Cush has given rise to not a little controversy. The second river of Paradise surrounded the whole land of Cush (Gen. 2:13, R.V.). The term Cush is in the Old Testament generally applied to the countries south of the Israelites. It was the southern limit of Egypt (Ezek. 29:10, A.V. "Ethiopia," Heb. Cush), with which it is generally associated (Ps. 68:31; Isa. 18:1; Jer. 46:9, etc.). It stands also associated with Elam (Isa. 11:11), with Persia (Ezek. 38:5), and with the Sabeans (Isa. 45:14). From these facts it has been inferred that Cush included Arabia and the country on the west coast of the Red Sea. Rawlinson takes it to be the country still known as Khuzi-stan, on the east side of the Lower Tigris. But there are intimations which warrant the conclusion that there was also a Cush in Africa, the Ethiopia (so called by the Greeks) of Africa. Ezekiel speaks (29:10; comp. 30:4-6) of it as lying south of Egypt. It was the country now known to us as Nubia and Abyssinia (Isa. 18:1; Zeph. 3:10, Heb. Cush). In ancient Egyptian inscriptions Ethiopia is termed Kesh. The Cushites appear to have spread along extensive tracts, stretching from the Upper Nile to the Euphrates and Tigris. At an early period there was a stream of migration of Cushites "from Ethiopia, properly so called, through Arabia, Babylonia, and Persia, to Western India." The Hamite races, soon after their arrival in Africa, began to spread north, east, and west. Three branches of the Cushite or Ethiopian stock, moving from Western Asia, settled in the regions contiguous to the Persian Gulf. One branch, called the Cossaeans, settled in the mountainous district on the east of the Tigris, known afterwards as Susiana; another occupied the lower regions of the Euphrates and the Tigris; while a third colonized the southern shores and islands of the gulf, whence they afterwards emigrated to the Mediterranean and settled on the coast of Palestine as the Phoenicians. Nimrod was a great Cushite chief. He conquered the Accadians, a Tauranian race, already settled in Mesopotamia, and founded his kingdom, the Cushites mingling with the Accads, and so forming the Chaldean nation.
   2) A Benjamite of this name is mentioned in the title of Ps. 7. "Cush was probably a follower of Saul, the head of his tribe, and had sought the friendship of David for the purpose of 'rewarding evil to him that was at peace with him.'"

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • cush — cush·ag; cush·at; cush·i·ly; cush·ing s; cush·ion·less; cush·iony; cush·la·mo·chree; ma·cush·la; nam·ay·cush; cush; cush·ion; cush·ite; cush·it·ic; cush·ie; cush·ion·ing; cush·la·me·chree; …   English syllables

  • Cush — • Cush, like the other names of the ethnological table of Genesis, x, is the name of a race, but it has generally been understood to designate also an individual, the progenitor of the nations and tribes known in the ancient world as Cushites… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • cush´i|ly — cush|y «KUSH ee», adjective, cusi|er, cush|i|est. Informal. soft; comfortable; easy: »a cushy job. Queen Alexandra…recounts her cushy Odyssean upbringing as the only child of a deposed Greek princess (New Yorker) …   Useful english dictionary

  • cush|y — «KUSH ee», adjective, cusi|er, cush|i|est. Informal. soft; comfortable; easy: »a cushy job. Queen Alexandra…recounts her cushy Odyssean upbringing as the only child of a deposed Greek princess (New Yorker) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cush|it|ic — «kuh SHIHT ihk», noun, adjective. –noun. a group of Afro Asiatic languages of Ethiopia and eastern Africa. –adjective. of or having to do with this group of languages. Also, Kushitic. ╂[< Cush] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cush. — Cush. Cushing s Massachusetts Reports Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations …   Law dictionary

  • Cush — [kush] n. Bible 1. the oldest of Ham s sons 2. the land inhabited by his descendants, thought to be on the W shore of the Red Sea: Gen. 10:8; 1 Chron. 1:10 Cushite adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • cush|at — «KUHSH uht», noun. = ringdove. (Cf. ↑ringdove) ╂[Old English cūscute] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cush — In the medieval period and even earlier the holder of this name would rarely have been out of a job. Generally recorded in the spellings of Cush, Cuss(e), or even Kiss(e), the derivation is from the Old French Cuisse and referred to the makers of …   Surnames reference

  • cush — /ˈkʊʃ/ (say koosh) phrase all cush, Obsolete Colloquial all right; okay. Also, cush n all, cush n andy. {? backformation from cushy} …  

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